Cold & Flu Facts | Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

Cold & Flu Information

Cold Information

Cold & flu are two of the most common seasonal illnesses, affecting millions each year.

There are more than 200 viruses that cause colds.

Symptoms

Symptoms appear 2 to 3 days after infection, and last anywhere from 7 to 14 days.

Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Nasal Congestion
  • Cough
  • Runny Nose
  • Sore Throat
  • Chest Congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Body Aches
  • Fatigue
Causes

An airborne virus causes the common cold

Colds are contagious and spread with sneezing, coughing and hand contact.

Treatment
While Alka-Seltzer Plus can relieve many of your worst symptoms, there is no cure for the common cold.
Prevention
Wash your hands frequently, and avoid direct contact with people who have colds.

Flu Information

Influenza is a viral infection that can attack your nose, throat and lungs.

Viruses spread through the air by sneezing, coughing, and by contact with the eyes, hands and face.

Flu viruses evolve year to year. Speak with your physician about a flu vaccination.

Symptoms

Flu symptoms are apparent and usually severe; especially fever.

The first symptoms appear immediately and can subside within a few days.

Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle Pain
  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
Causes

The flu is spread by viruses, which mutate often.

New strains of the flu virus circulate each year.

Treatment

Drink plenty of fluids.

Stay in bed; rest is essential.

Resume normal activities a few days after your recovery.

Prevention
For prevention, wash your hands frequently and avoid direct contact with someone affected. Speak to your physician about a flu vaccination.